MUSEUMS AND INDUSTRIAL HERITAGE
Prehistoric cave paintings, ancient druidic stone circles and the legacy of Roman and Norman invasions are all part of the history of Derbyshire. See great monuments of the industrial revolution - Trains, Trams, Mills and a World Heritage Site - fascinating, unique markers in history for us to explore and uncover today.
Come and discover the museums and heritage of the area by using the search facility on the right.
Peak District rocks and minerals, such as limestone, fluorspar, Blue John and lead, have been used for thousands of years. Today, quarrying and mineral-workings leave holes in the landscape but remain an important part of the local economy. The industry has a long history - lead mining was first carried out by the Romans and reached its peak in the 18th century when the industry employed more than 10,000 miners.
The remains of this intensive lead mining activity can still be seen today in the form of distinctive humps and hollows, as well as numerous old pump houses and kilns throughout the Peak District, such as Magpie Mine near Sheldon, now a scheduled monument. Visit the Peak District Mining Museum at Matlock Bath where you can experience first hand the forgotten world of the Derbyshire lead miners.
Also evident are the many unfinished or broken millstones along the area's gritstone edges - carved in situ out of the local gritstone and originally destined for the nearby mills of Sheffield, the stones were discarded or abandoned when they were no longer required by industry.
Further back in time, the stone circles at Arbor Low, Hartshill, Nine Ladies, Gardom's Edge, near Baslow and the many cairns, tumuli and burial mounds are evidence of man's long presence in the region, while in the caves that honeycomb the limestone gorge at Creswell Crags, ice age people documented their lives with rock paintings and engravings around 13,000 years ago!